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Tipo: article
Título: Surveillance test policy optimization through genetic algorithms using non-periodic intervention frequencies and considering seasonal constraints
Autor(es): Lapa, Celso Marcelo Franklin
Pereira, Cláudio Marcio Nascimento Abreu
Frutuoso e Melo, Paulo Fernando Ferreira
Resumo: In order to maximize systems average availability during a given period of time, it has recently been developed a non-periodic surveillance test optimization methodology based on genetic algorithms (GA). The fact of allowing non-periodic tests turns the solution space much more flexible and schedules can be better adjusted, providing gains in the overall system average availability, when compared to those obtained by an optimized periodic test scheme. This approach, however, turns the optimization problem more complex. Hence, the use of a powerful optimization technique, such as GA, is required. Considering that some particular features of certain systems can turn it advisable to introduce other specific constraints in the optimization problem, this work investigates the application of seasonal constraints for the set of the Emergency Diesel Generation of a typical four-loop pressurized water reactor in order to planning and optimizing its surveillance test policy. In this analysis, the growth of the blackout accident probability during summer, due to electrical power demand increases, was considered. Here, the used model penalizes surveillance test interventions when the blackout probability is higher. Results demonstrate the ability of the method in adapting the surveillance test policy to seasonal constraints. The knowledge acquired by the GA during the searching process has lead to test schedules that drastically minimize test interventions at periods of high blackout probability. It is compensated by more frequent redistributed tests through the periods of low blackout probability in order to improve on the overall average availability at the system level.
Palavras-chave: Probabilistic safety assessment
Reliability engineering
Surveillance tests
Genetic algorithms
Idioma: eng
País: Brasil
Editor: Instituto de Engenharia Nuclear
Sigla da Instituição: IEN
Tipo de Acesso: embargoedAccess
Data do documento: Jul-2003
Aparece nas coleções:Engenharia e Segurança de Reatores Nucleares - Artigos de Periódicos

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